Ultrastructure and functional morphology of the dorsal organs in Scoloplos armiger (Annelida, Sedentaria, Orbiniida)
|Buhre, Jana Sophia
|ADULT NUCHAL; Anatomy & Morphology; Bipolar receptor cells; CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM; Chemosensory organ; Dorsal organ; EVOLUTION; FINE-STRUCTURE; INTERSTITIAL POLYCHAETE; Nuchal organ; NUCHAL ORGANS; Orbiniidae; PYGOSPIO-ELEGANS POLYCHAETA; SENSE-ORGANS; Sensory organs; Spionidae; Zoology
Annelids and particularly polychaetes possess a great variety of sensory organs and respond to numerous sensory stimuli. Although eyes and nuchal organs are comparatively well studied, the so-called dorsal organs are among the lesser-known sense organs in aquatic annelids. Moreover, they are known to be restricted to only two out of approximately 80 families of polychaetes-Orbiniidae and Spionidae-which are not closely related. These organs have been regarded as segmentally repeated nuchal organs in the latter taxon, but in Orbiniidae, data are lacking, although it is known that the organs occur almost along the entire trunk except for the anterior-most segments. Furthermore, although the nuchal organ ultrastructure is known to be comparatively uniform for many polychaete species, a comparative investigation has not been conducted in Orbiniidae. To bridge this data gap, we examined an intertidal population of the widely distributed species Scoloplos armiger. Although not completely identical, nuchal and dorsal organs show a high degree of correspondence in the examined specimens. Moreover, both organs correspond to the general structure of nuchal organs. They comprise ciliated supportive cells and bipolar receptor cells and are innervated directly from the brain. The supportive cells form subcuticular spaces and olfactory chambers apically protected by specialized microvilli that house the sensory processes-cilia and microvilli-of the monociliated receptor cells. Therefore, it can be concluded that nuchal and dorsal organs are also identical in Orbiniidae. However, despite general correspondence with spionids, convergent evolution in the two taxa appears to be the most parsimonious interpretation.
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checked on Feb 21, 2024