Coping with unpleasant group memberships in Japan and Germany: Cultural differences in disidentification, confrontation and emotion regulation

Autor(en): Bierle, Isabel
Becker, Julia C.
Ikegami, Tomoko
Stichwörter: COLLECTIVE ACTION; CONFLICT-MANAGEMENT; culture; DISCRIMINATION; disidentification; emotion regulation; FACE; group size; IN-GROUP; INDIVIDUALISM; Psychology; Psychology, Social; RELATIONAL MOBILITY; SELF; SOCIAL IDENTITY; UNITED-STATES
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: WILEY
Volumen: 49
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 953
Seitenende: 969
Disidentification, the psychological distancing from unpleasant group memberships, has mainly been studied in individualistic societies. We tested whether disidentification is a coping strategy to deal with conflicts in small and large groups, in Japan and Germany. Study 1 (N = 79) illustrates that Japanese recalled more unpleasant situations related to small than large groups. Study 2 (N = 198) confirms that Japanese, but not German students' disidentification varied with group size and was stronger after small-group conflict. Study 3 (N = 132) shows that anger was related to disidentification in Japan but to confrontation in Germany. Study 4 (N = 335) shows that, after group conflict, Japanese felt relieved when imagining to disidentify, whereas Germans felt relieved when imagining to confront the source of conflict. Combining correlational and experimental designs with culture-sensitive situation sampling, we show that disidentification exists as a psychological construct across cultures, albeit serving different psychological functions.
ISSN: 00462772
DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2562

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