Treelines-Approaches at Different Scales

Autor(en): Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl
Broll, Gabriele 
Stichwörter: ALPINE TREELINE; animals' impact; climate change; CLIMATE-CHANGE; COLORADO FRONT RANGE; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Environmental Studies; FOREST-TUNDRA ECOTONE; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; human impact; LAND-USE; MOUNTAIN BIRCH SEEDLINGS; PINE PINUS-SYLVESTRIS; scales; Science & Technology - Other Topics; SCOTS PINE; SPRUCE PICEA-GLAUCA; TREE-LINE; treeline dynamics; treeline heterogeneity; treeline history
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: MDPI
Journal: SUSTAINABILITY
Volumen: 9
Ausgabe: 5
Zusammenfassung: 
Scales in treeline research depend on the objectives and must match the underlying natural processes. Factors and processes at one scale may not be as important at another scale. In the global view, the number of factors influencing climatic treeline position can be reduced to the effects of heat deficiency. Emphasis, however, should be laid on differentiation of the treeline by their regionally and locally varying physiognomy, diversity, spatial and temporal features, and heterogeneity. An assessment of the relative importance of the factors shaping regional/local treeline physiognomy, spatial patterns, and dynamics should have priority. This can be achieved only by syndisciplinary research. Such studies are indispensable for assessing treeline response to climate change at the regional and landscape scales.
DOI: 10.3390/su9050808

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