Self-design and prevention potential for older people in institutional long-term care

Autor(en): Kruse, Andreas
Becker, Gabriele
Remmers, Hartmut 
Schmitt, Eric
Wetzel, Andrea
Stichwörter: ADULTS; DECLINE; EXERCISE; FRAILTY; Independence; INTERVENTIONS; Prevention in old age; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; QUALITY-OF-LIFE; Rehabilitative care; Self-responsibility; Vulnerability
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Volumen: 62
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 247
Seitenende: 254
Healthcare in inpatient long-term care facilities (nursing homes) should not be limited to medical curative measures, but should also include strengthening social participation, autonomy, self-responsibility and joint responsibility of the residents. Prevention and rehabilitation should therefore be even more integrated into care concepts.This article first introduces various areas of prevention physical activity, nutrition, cognitive competence, psychosocial health, abuse, and freedom-removing measures and then discusses their evidence. Essential for the implementation and the success of such measures is the ability and willingness of people in need of care to engage actively in these therapies; here, appropriate and motivating information plays an important role.Subsequently, geriatric rehabilitation is referred to. In the 2013-2017 empirical study Organization and Rehabilitation for Residents in the Nursing Home to Improve Independence and Participation (ORBIT), 215 people in need of care participated in three-month therapeutic interventions, which were followed by three-months of rehabilitative care. Improvements in mobility and quality of life (Barthel index, QOL-AD) could be demonstrated compared to acontrol group (n=28). The results have to be considered against the background of aworsening health and reduced functional capacities in old age. Astronger integration of prevention and rehabilitation services into long-term institutional care is functional for strengthening participation and independence - an important condition for the residents' certainty that their dignity will be respected, competence and strive for self-responsibility and self-determination.
ISSN: 14369990
DOI: 10.1007/s00103-019-02916-y

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