A Dynamic Model to Simulate Arsenic, Lead, and Mercury Contamination in the Terrestrial Environment During Extreme Floods of Rivers

Autor(en): Schulz, Marcus
Buettner, Olaf
Baborowski, Martina
Boehme, Michael
Matthies, Michael
von Tuempling, Wolf
Stichwörter: Contamination; DEPOSITION; ELBE; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Flood inundation; FLOODPLAIN; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Heavy metals; HEAVY-METAL; HURRICANE-KATRINA; Inorganic pollutants; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Model calibration; MULDE; NEW-ORLEANS; POLLUTANTS; Science & Technology - Other Topics; SEDIMENTS; Sensitivity analysis; TRANSPORT; Two-dimensional finite-element model; Water Resources
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Volumen: 37
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 209
Seitenende: 217
Beside damages of infrastructure in industrial regions, extreme floods can cause contamination with particle-bound pollutants, e.g., due to erosion of soils and sediments. In order to predict contamination with inorganic pollutants, the transport and fate of arsenic, lead, and mercury during a fictive flood event of River Vereinigte Mulde in the region of Bitterfeld (Germany) with 200 years recurrence time was modeled. The finite element model system Telemac2D, which is subdivided into a hydrodynamic (Telemac-2D), a transport (Subief-2D), and a water quality module (wq2subief) was applied. The transport and water quality model models were calibrated using results of sediment trap exposures in the floodplain of River Vereinigte Mulde. Model results exhibited that the spatial patterns of particle-associated arsenic and lead concentrations significantly changed. Extended, mostly agriculturally used areas showed arsenic and lead concentrations between 150 and 200 mg kg(-1) and 250 and 300 mg kg-1, respectively, while urban areas were to a great extent spared from high contamination with arsenic and lead. Concentrations of particle-associated mercury showed a pattern distinct from those of arsenic and lead. Outside of small patches with concentrations up to 63 mg kg(-1), concentrations of particle-associated mercury remained close to zero. Differences in the spatial patterns of the three pollutants regarded mainly arise from significantly different initial and boundary conditions. Sensitivity analyses of initial and boundary conditions revealed a high sensitivity of particle-bound pollutant concentrations, whereas the sensitivities of concentrations Of suspended sediments and soluble pollutants were mediocre to negligible.
ISSN: 18630650
DOI: 10.1002/clen.200900013

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