Function and Regulation of the Endosomal Fusion and Fission Machineries
|ACTIN POLYMERIZATION; Cell Biology; DEPENDENT MEMBRANE-FUSION; EFFECTOR COMPLEX; GTPASE-ACTIVATING PROTEINS; HOMOTYPIC FUSION; NUCLEOTIDE EXCHANGE; RAB GTPASE; RETROMER COMPLEX; SEC1/MUNC18 PROTEIN; SNARE COMPLEX
|COLD SPRING HARBOR LAB PRESS, PUBLICATIONS DEPT
|COLD SPRING HARBOR PERSPECTIVES IN BIOLOGY
Organelles within the endomembrane system are connected via vesicle flux. Along the endocytic pathway, endosomes are among the most versatile organelles. They sort cargo through tubular protrusions for recycling or through intraluminal vesicles for degradation. Sorting involves numerous machineries, which mediate fission of endosomal transport intermediates and fusion with other endosomes or eventually with lysosomes. Here we review the recent advances in our understanding of these processes with a particular focus on the Rab GTPases, tethering factors, and retromer. The cytoskeleton has also been recently recognized as a central player in membrane dynamics of endosomes, and this review covers the regulation of the machineries that govern the formation of branched actin networks through the WASH and Arp2/3 complexes in relation with cargo recycling and endosomal fission.
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