Hydrogels based on carboxymethyl cassava starch cross-linked with di- or polyfunctional carboxylic acids: Synthesis, water absorbent behavior and rheological characterizations

Autor(en): Lawal, Olayide S.
Storz, Joerg
Storz, Henning
Lohmann, Derek
Lechner, Dieter
Kulicke, Werner-Michael
Stichwörter: Absorbents; Carboxylic acids; Cassava; CHITOSAN; Hydrogels; LINKING; Polymer Science; POTATO; SUPERABSORBENT HYDROGELS; SWELLING BEHAVIOR
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Herausgeber: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal: EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL
Volumen: 45
Ausgabe: 12
Startseite: 3399
Seitenende: 3408
Zusammenfassung: 
Carboxymethyl cassava starch (CMS) was synthesized and its hydrogels were prepared by cross-linking it with di- or polyfunctional carboxylic acids using glutaric (CASXGLU), suberic (CASXSUB), pimelic (CASXPIM) and butanetetracarboxylic acids (CASBTC) as the cross-linkers. The characterization of the CMS showed that its degree of substitution was 0.86, average molar mass (M-w) was 5.6 x 10(6) g mol(-1) and the C-13 NMR showed strong peak at delta = 180.42 ppm which was assigned to the -CO carbon in the carboxymethyl group. The absorption under load (AUL) and free swelling capacity (FSC) studies showed that the hydrogels have fast swelling properties and that they reached equilibrium after 1 h. Furthermore. all the hydrogels were sensitive to the increasing salt concentrations and pH of the medium. Both AUL and FSC reduced in saline solution while their values increased in alkaline buffer solutions. The result indicate that the difunctional carboxylic acids produced hydrogels with stronger material functions compared with the polyfunctional carboxylic acid and the order of increases in both AUL and FSC was CASXBTC, CASXPIM, CASXSUB and CASXGLU. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00143057
DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2009.09.019

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