The synthesis conditions, characterizations and thermal degradation studies of an etherified starch from an unconventional source

Autor(en): Lawal, O. S.
Lechner, M. D.
Kulicke, W. M.
Stichwörter: CARBOXYMETHYL STARCH; characterization; DERIVATIVES; HEMICELLULOSES; MAIZE; PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS; pigeon pea; Polymer Science; POTATO STARCH; thermal stability
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Journal: POLYMER DEGRADATION AND STABILITY
Volumen: 93
Ausgabe: 8
Startseite: 1520
Seitenende: 1528
Zusammenfassung: 
Starch isolated from an under-utilized legume plant (pigeon pea) was carboxymethylated. influences of reaction parameters were investigated on the degree of substitution (DS) and the reaction efficiency (RE). Studies showed that optimal DS of 1.12 could be reached at reaction efficiency of 80.6% in isopropanolwater reaction medium (40 degrees C, 3 h). Scanning electron microscopy showed that after carboxymethylation, the granular appearance of the native starch was distorted. Wide-angle X-ray diffractometry revealed that crystallinity was reduced significantly after carboxymethylation. The infrared spectra revealed new bands in the carboxymethyl starch at nu = 1600, 1426 and 1324 cm(-1) which were attributed to carbonyl functional groups vibration, -CH2 scissoring and OH bending vibration, respectively. Broad-band C-13 NMR of carboxymethyl starch showed an intense peak at delta = 180.3 ppm which was assigned to carbonyl carbon on the carboxymethyl substituent on the AGU (Anhydroglucose Unit). DEPT (Distortionless Enhancement by Polarization Transfer) 135 NMR showed negative signals which correspond to methylene carbons on the AGU. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) suggests loss of crystallinity after carboxymethylation. Thermogravimetry (TG), Derivative Thermogravimetry (DTG) and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) show that thermal stability improved after carboxymethylation. The study provides information on the preparation and characterization of a biomaterial from a new source which could be used alone or in the preparation of other functional polymers for diverse polymer applications. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 01413910
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.05.010

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