Profile Shift in Latex Sensitization over the Last 20 Years

Autor(en): Saleh, Mohamed M.
Forkel, Susann
Schoen, Michael P.
Fuchs, Thomas
Buhl, Timo
Stichwörter: Allergy; CONTACT URTICARIA; Cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants; DIAGNOSTIC-VALUE; Hev b 5; IGE; Immunology; Natural rubber latex; NATURAL-RUBBER LATEX; Profilins
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: KARGER
Journal: INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY
Volumen: 178
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 83
Seitenende: 88
Zusammenfassung: 
Background: Natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy is commonly diagnosed according to medical history, skin allergy tests, and serological analyses. However, skin tests are increasingly being abandoned because of (i) their time-consuming nature, (ii) latex preparations for skin tests being not commercially available, and (iii) the use of in-house prepared test solutions is becoming ever more difficult due to increasing regulatory hurdles. In this light, we have evaluated differences in the profiles of current and former patients with suspected latex allergy. Methods: Sera of skin test-positive patients from a historic cohort (1995-2001, n = 149 patients) and currently (2014-2015, n = 48 patients) were simultaneously analyzed for specific IgE to latex by ImmunoCAP. If the serological screening was positive (>= 0.35 kU/L), component-resolved diagnostics including profilins and cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCDs) were performed. Results: In contrast to 88% (131/149) of the skin test-positive patients from the 1990s, only 51.1% (24/47) of the current cohort were found positive for specific IgE to latex. While 48.3% (72/149) of the patients had a convincing positive history in the 1990s, current skin test-positive patients rarely reported a relevant medical history (8.5%, 4/47). Specific IgE levels to latex were significantly higher in former patients with suspected latex allergy (p < 0.001) than in former sensitized individuals without allergy. However, this significant difference was lost in current allergic and sensitized patients with positive skin tests. Conclusion: Sensitization profiles in patients with latex allergy have changed significantly over the last 2 decades. Discrimination between NRL sensitization and clinical allergy remains a diagnostic challenge. Our data highlight the need for a combination of all 3 criteria, i. e., patient history, skin test, and analysis of specific IgE, for a correct diagnosis of latex allergy. (c) 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN: 10182438
DOI: 10.1159/000492191

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