High surface area neodymium phosphate nano particles by modified aqueous sol-gel method

Autor(en): Sankar, Sasidharan
Warrier, Krishna Gopakumar
Komban, Rajesh
Stichwörter: CE; Ceramics; EARTH; Electron microscopy; GROWTH; LA; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; NANOCRYSTALLINE; ND; ORTHOPHOSPHATES; Phase transactions; POWDERS; SM; Sol-gel chemistry; TB; X-ray diffraction
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Volumen: 46
Ausgabe: 12
Startseite: 2373
Seitenende: 2377
Synthesis of nano rod shaped neodymium phosphate (NdPO4) particles with specific surface area as high as 107 m(2)g(-1) and an average length of 50 nm with aspect ratio 5 was achieved using modified sol gel method. Crystallite size calculated from the X-ray diffraction data by applying Scherer equation was 5 nm for the precursor gel after calcination at 400 degrees C. NdPO4 was first precipitated from neodymium nitrate solution using phosphoric acid followed by peptization using dilute nitric acid and further gelation in ammonia atmosphere. The calcined gel powders were further characterized by surface area (Brunauer-Emmet-Teller nitrogen adsorption analysis), Transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, UV-vis and FT-IR analysis. Transmission electron microscopy confirms the formation of rod like morphology from the sol, gel and the calcined particles in nano size range. These particles could be compacted and sintered at as low as 1300 degrees C to a density of 98.5% (theoretical) with an average grain size of similar to 1 mu m. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00255408
DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2011.08.050

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