Phylogenetic information from three mitochondrial genomes of Terebelliformia (Annelida) worms and duplication of the methionine tRNA

Autor(en): Zhong, Min
Struck, Torsten H.
Halanych, Kenneth M.
Stichwörter: Annelida; COMPLETE SEQUENCE; DNA; GENE ARRANGEMENT; Genetics & Heredity; lophotrochozoa; MODEL; mtDNA; ORBINIIDAE; ORDER; phylogenetics; POLYCHAETA; polychaete; SELECTION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER
Journal: GENE
Volumen: 416
Ausgabe: 1-2
Startseite: 11
Seitenende: 21
Mitochondrial genomes have been useful for inferring animal phylogeny across a wide range of clades, however they are still poorly sampled in some animal taxa, limiting our knowledge of mtDNA evolution. For example, despite being one of the most diverse animal phyla, only 5 complete annelid mitochrondial genomes have been published. To address this paucity of information, we obtained complete mitochondrial genomic sequences from Pista cristata (Terebellidae) and Terebellides stroemi (Trichobranchidae) as well as one nearly complete mitochondrial genome from Eclysippe vanelli (Ampharetidae). These taxa are within Terebelliformia (Annelida), which include spaghetti worms, icecream cone worms and their relatives. In contrast to the 37 genes found in most bilaterian metazoans, we recover 38 genes in the mitochondrial genomes of T. stroemi and P. cristata due to the presence of a second methionine tRNA (trnM). Interestingly, the two trnMs are located next to each other and are possibly a synapomorphy of these two taxa. The E. vanelli partial mitochondrial genome lacks this additional trnM at the same position, but it may be present in the region not sampled. Compared to other annelids, gene orders of these three mitochondrial genomes are generally conserved except for the atp6-mSSU region. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that mtDNA data Strongly supports a Trichobranchidae/Terebellidae clade. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03781119
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2008.02.020

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