Sport participation in northeast German rural communities in 1973, 1994 and 2008

Autor(en): Roeding, Dominik
Elkeles, Thomas
Schlinkmann, Mitarbeit von Sandrina
Stichwörter: DEMAND; DETERMINANTS; Healthcare survey; LIFE; Recreational activities; Sex differences; Society, modern; Sport development program; Sport Sciences
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Volumen: 46
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 116
Seitenende: 129
This article examines the development of sport participation in the rural peripheral area of northeast Germany over a time period of 35 years from modernization and transformation theoretical perspectives. The data are based on 3 healthcare surveys carried out in 1973, 1994 and 2004/2008 in the adult population of 14 rural communities. A comparison of the results of the surveys revealed that participation in sports increased from 23 % in the year 1973 to 55 % in 2004/2008. Women in particular showed an increased participation in sports. In 2004/2008 women had a 1.32 greater chance to be actively engaged in sport than men. In 1973 the chance of women actively engaged in sport to undertake 2 h per week was only half as high as men active in sport; however, sex differences in the extent of sport have leveled off over time. Age and education were associated with sport participation in all three time periods surveyed. In the 1970s the highest sport participation was in the group with an average level of education but in 1994 and 2004/2008 there was a social gradient with the highest participation in sports in the group with the highest education level. In 1973 a social gradient in sport participation could be observed depending on the income. Because sport participation in rural communities lies clearly below the average total German and also East German levels, despite positive developments and is still greatly dependent on sociodemographic features, it is suggested that this can be counteracted by sport developmental programs specific for rural peripheral areas.
ISSN: 25093142
DOI: 10.1007/s12662-015-0386-8

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