Regulation of the Calvin cycle for CO2 fixation as an example for general control mechanisms in metabolic cycles

Autor(en): Fridlyand, LE
Scheibe, R 
Stichwörter: 3-PHOSPHOGLYCERATE REDUCTION; BARLEY LEAF PROTOPLASTS; Biology; C-3 PLANTS; Calvin cycle; CARBON-DIOXIDE; Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics; MALATE DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVATION; Mathematical & Computational Biology; MATHEMATICAL-MODEL; metabolic cycles; modelling; photosynthesis; PHOTOSYNTHETIC ELECTRON-TRANSPORT; RAPID FRACTIONATION; RIBULOSE-1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE; transgenic plants; TRANSGENIC POTATO PLANTS
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Journal: BIOSYSTEMS
Volumen: 51
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 79
Seitenende: 93
Zusammenfassung: 
The theory of a metabolic cycle with the main portion of its intermediates remaining inside the cycle during one turnover has been developed. On this basis, the regulation of the Calvin cycle is analyzed. It is demonstrated that not only the reactions of non-equilibrium enzymes, as the carboxylation of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate, but reactions that operate close to a thermodynamic equilibrium, especially the reduction of 3-phosphoglycerate and the transketolase reaction can significantly influence the total turnover period in the Calvin cycle. The role of compensating mechanisms in the maintenance of the photosynthesis rate upon changes of environmental conditions and of enzyme contents is analyzed for the Calvin cycle. It is shown that the change of the total quantity of the metabolites is one of the main self-regulated mechanisms in the Calvin cycle. A change of the ATP/ADP ratio can be used by the cell to maintain the CO2 assimilation rate, when the total quantity of the metabolites is changed. The developed analysis permits to explain some experimental data obtained with transgenic plants with restricted efflux of carbon from the chloroplasts. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03032647
DOI: 10.1016/S0303-2647(99)00017-9

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