Suited versus Unsuited Analog Astronaut Performance Using the Aouda.X Space Suit Simulator: The DELTA Experiment of MARS2013

Autor(en): Soucek, Alexander
Ostkamp, Lutz
Paternesi, Roberta
Stichwörter: Astronomy & Astrophysics; Biology; Geology; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary; Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC
Journal: ASTROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 15
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 283
Seitenende: 290
Zusammenfassung: 
Space suit simulators are used for extravehicular activities (EVAs) during Mars analog missions. Flight planning and EVA productivity require accurate time estimates of activities to be performed with such simulators, such as experiment execution or traverse walking. We present a benchmarking methodology for the Aouda.X space suit simulator of the Austrian Space Forum. By measuring and comparing the times needed to perform a set of 10 test activities with and without Aouda.X, an average time delay was derived in the form of a multiplicative factor. This statistical value (a second-over-second time ratio) is 1.30 and shows that operations in Aouda.X take on average a third longer than the same operations without the suit. We also show that activities predominantly requiring fine motor skills are associated with larger time delays (between 1.17 and 1.59) than those requiring short-distance locomotion or short-term muscle strain (between 1.10 and 1.16). The results of the DELTA experiment performed during the MARS2013 field mission increase analog mission planning reliability and thus EVA efficiency and productivity when using Aouda.X. Key Words: Extravehicular activity (EVA)-Space suit mobility-Flight planning-Aouda.X-Suited versus unsuited performance-Productivity-Resource optimization-Analog missions-Human factors-Time delay. Astrobiology 15, 283-290.
ISSN: 15311074
DOI: 10.1089/ast.2013.1067

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