Eco-epidemiological interactions with predator interference and infection

Autor(en): Bulai, Lulia Martina
Hilker, Frank M.
Stichwörter: Consumer-resource model; Disease transmission; DISEASES; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Evolutionary Biology; Functional response; FUNCTIONAL-RESPONSE; Genetics & Heredity; Interference competition; Mathematical & Computational Biology; MODELS; MUTUAL INTERFERENCE; Parasite ecology; PARASITES; POPULATION; Predator dependence; PREY DYNAMICS; PROTECTING BIRDS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Volumen: 130
Startseite: 191
Seitenende: 202
Predator interference is a form of competition between predator individuals over access to their prey. There is broad empirical evidence for interference to exist in different strengths in various types of ecological communities. At the same time, parasites are increasingly recognized to alter food web structure and dynamics. In order to investigate the eco-epidemiological interplay between interference and infection, we develop and analyze mathematical models of a predator-prey system, where the predators are subject to both interference and infectious disease. In the absence of infection, equilibrium predator density is known to show a non-monotonic response to interference by first increasing and then decreasing with increasing interference levels. We show that predator infection can change this pattern into a monotonically decreasing predator response to interference, provided the transmissibility is large enough and the pathogenicity is moderate such that the impact of disease on host population density prevails over interference effects. This holds for both types of disease transmission studied here, density-dependent and frequency-dependent. For density-dependent transmission, we find that intermediate values of interference can facilitate disease persistence, whereas the disease would disappear for small or large interference levels. By contrast, for frequency-dependent transmission, disease emergence is independent of interference levels. These dynamic interactions may be important for the understanding of potential biocontrol measures and of spread patterns of zoonotic diseases. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00405809
DOI: 10.1016/j.tpb.2019.07.016

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