Thermal degradation of aliphatic hyperbranched polyesters and their derivatives

Autor(en): Vukovic, J.
Steinmeier, D.
Lechner, M. D.
Jovanovic, S.
Bozic, B.
Stichwörter: activation energies of degradation; aliphatic hyperbranched polyesters; CYCLIZATION; DECOMPOSITION; modification; Polymer Science; POLYMERS; thermal degradation
Erscheinungsdatum: 2006
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Journal: POLYMER DEGRADATION AND STABILITY
Volumen: 91
Ausgabe: 8
Startseite: 1903
Seitenende: 1908
Zusammenfassung: 
In this study results of thermal degradation of aliphatic hyperbranched polyesters, AHBP, and their derivatives, determined by non-isothermal thennogravimetric analysis in inert atmosphere (N-2) are presented. The thermal stability of linear polyester PHPA (polyhydroxypivalic acid), additionally synthesized from hydroxypivalic acid, was also studied. AHBP samples, from second to tenth pseudo-generation, were synthesized starting from 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid and di-trimethylolpropane. Modification of some selected AHBP samples was accomplished with the propionyl and benzoyl chloride, as well as with stearic acid. Thermal degradation of AHBP samples starts in the region between 250 degrees C and 275 degrees C and it ends around 430 degrees C. The thermal stability of AHBP samples increases with the number of end groups in the macromolecule, as well as with the modification of end groups with stearic acid and propionyl chloride. An AHBP sample of the fourth pseudo-generation, where all -OH end groups are modified with benzoyl chloride, shows lower thermal stability than the corresponding unmodified sample. The thermal stability of the linear polyester PHPA is lower than the thermal stability of the AHBP samples of the similar molar mass. The activation energies of thermal degradation for all synthesized AHBP samples were also calculated. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 01413910
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.11.001

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