The German heavy metal survey by means of mosses

Autor(en): Markert, B
Herpin, U
Siewers, U
Berlekamp, J
Lieth, H
Stichwörter: AIR; biomonitoring; DEPOSITION; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Germany; heavy metals; HYLOCOMIUM-SPLENDENS; mosses; survey
Erscheinungsdatum: 1996
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Journal: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
Volumen: 182
Ausgabe: 1-3
Startseite: 159
Seitenende: 168
Zusammenfassung: 
This is the first attempt to determine pollution with metals throughout the Federal Republic of Germany by analysing moss samples. Samples of Pleurozium schreberi, Scleropodium purum, Hypnum cupessiforme and Hylocomium splendens were collected at 593 sites and analysed by ICP-AES and AAS for the elements As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, V and Zn. Citrus leaves and pine needles were used as reference materials to ensure the quality of the results. In many cases it was possible to trace the areas affected by known sources of heavy-metal emissions in addition to isolated local increases in the values. The moss monitoring programme showed up the highly industrialized and urban locations such as the Ruhr, parts of the Saarland and Baden-Wurttemberg and large areas of eastern Germany. Lower levels of many elements were found in wide stretches of Lower Saxony and Bavaria. The results largely reflect the pollution patterns found in these areas. On the other hand, expected correlations between the effects of traffic (e.g. Pb) and concentrations in moss could not be demonstrated with certainty. The element data yielded by this project are Germany's contribution to the European project `Atmospheric Heavy Metal Deposition in Europe - Estimations based on Moss Analysis'.
ISSN: 00489697
DOI: 10.1016/0048-9697(95)05028-0

Show full item record

Page view(s)

2
Last Week
0
Last month
0
checked on Mar 5, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric