Bad Roots to Grow: Deficient Implicit Self-Evaluations in Chronic Depression With an Early Onset

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorvan Randenborgh, Annette
dc.contributor.authorPawelzik, Markus
dc.contributor.authorQuirin, Markus
dc.contributor.authorKuhl, Julius
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:13:51Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:13:51Z-
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn00219762
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/10781-
dc.description.abstractObjectiveImplicit self-esteem, which is based on associative learning processes, is considered to be constituted earlier in life than explicit, verbalized self-esteem. While depressed individuals report negative explicit self-esteem, research has predominantly demonstrated equivalent levels of implicit self-esteem of depressed and healthy individuals. We further illuminate this finding by theorizing and empirically demonstrating that chronically depressed individuals show particularly low levels of implicit self-esteem when depression had an early onset. MethodWe applied measures of implicit (name-letter test) and explicit (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale) self-esteem in chronically depressed patients with an early onset (N = 17), a late onset (N = 13), and an episodic depression (N = 29). ResultsAs expected, patients with an early onset showed lower implicit self-esteem than the 2 other groups. ConclusionImplicit self-esteem may function as a marker of how deeply negative self-views are internalized. Furthermore, the distinction between early and late onset of chronic depression seems to be valuable for classification and potentially treatment of unipolar depression.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherWILEY
dc.relation.ispartofJOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subjectCHILD MALTREATMENT
dc.subjectchronic depression
dc.subjectdepression
dc.subjectDYSTHYMIC DISORDER
dc.subjectearly onset
dc.subjectESTEEM
dc.subjectEXPLICIT
dc.subjectFIELD TRIAL
dc.subjectimplicit self-esteem
dc.subjectMAJOR DEPRESSION
dc.subjectMOOD DISORDERS
dc.subjectNAME
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Clinical
dc.subjectSCALE
dc.subjectSUICIDAL IDEATION
dc.titleBad Roots to Grow: Deficient Implicit Self-Evaluations in Chronic Depression With an Early Onset
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/jclp.22275
dc.identifier.isiISI:000377113100005
dc.description.volume72
dc.description.issue6
dc.description.startpage580
dc.description.endpage590
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-4106-461X
dc.identifier.eissn10974679
dc.publisher.place111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationJ. Clin. Psychol.
crisitem.author.netidKuJu540-
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