Evaluating competing theories via a common language of qualitative verdicts

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGaertner, Wulf
dc.contributor.authorWuthrich, Nicolas
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:13:54Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:13:54Z-
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn00397857
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/10804-
dc.description.abstractKuhn (The essential tension-Selected studies in scientific tradition and change, 1977) claimed that several algorithms can be defended to select the best theory based on epistemic values such as simplicity, accuracy, and fruitfulness. In a recent paper, Okasha (Mind 129(477): 83-115, 2011) argued that no theory choice algorithm exists which satisfies a set of intuitively compelling conditions that Arrow (Social choice and individual values, 1963) had proposed for a consistent aggregation of individual preference orderings. In this paper, we put forward a solution to avoid this impossibility result. Based on previous work by Gaertner and Xu (Mathematical Social Sciences 63: 193-196, 2012), we suggest to view the theory choice problem in a cardinal context and to use a general scoring function defined over a set of qualitative verdicts for every epistemic value. This aggregation method yields a complete and transitive ranking and the rule satisfies all Arrovian conditions appropriately reformulated within a cardinal setting. We also propose methods that capture the aggregation across different scientists.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSPRINGER
dc.relation.ispartofSYNTHESE
dc.subjectEpistemic values
dc.subjectHistory & Philosophy Of Science
dc.subjectPhilosophy
dc.subjectScoring rules
dc.subjectSOCIAL CHOICE
dc.subjectSocial choice theory
dc.subjectTHEORY CHOICE
dc.subjectThomas S. Kuhn
dc.titleEvaluating competing theories via a common language of qualitative verdicts
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11229-015-0929-4
dc.identifier.isiISI:000387420000010
dc.description.volume193
dc.description.issue10
dc.description.startpage3293
dc.description.endpage3309
dc.identifier.eissn15730964
dc.publisher.placeVAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationSynthese
dcterms.oaStatusGreen Accepted
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