Performance similarities predict collective benefits in dyadic and triadic joint visual search

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWahn, Basil
dc.contributor.authorCzeszumski, Artur
dc.contributor.authorKoenig, Peter
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:14:01Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:14:01Z-
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn19326203
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/10862-
dc.description.abstractWhen humans perform tasks together, they may reach a higher performance in comparison to the best member of a group (i.e., a collective benefit). Earlier research showed that interindividual performance similarities predict collective benefits for several joint tasks. Yet, researchers did not test whether this is the case for joint visuospatial tasks. Also, researchers did not investigate whether dyads and triads reach a collective benefit when they are forbidden to exchange any information while performing a visuospatial task. In this study, participants performed a joint visual search task either alone, in dyads, or in triads, and were not allowed to exchange any information while doing the task. We found that dyads reached a collective benefit. Triads did outperform their best individual member and dyads-yet, they did not outperform the best dyad pairing within the triad. In addition, similarities in performance significantly predicted the collective benefit for dyads and triads. Furthermore, we find that the dyads' and triads' search performances closely match a simulated performance based on the individual search performances, which assumed that members of a group act independently. Overall, the present study supports the view that performance similarities predict collective benefits in joint tasks. Moreover, it provides a basis for future studies to investigate the benefits of exchanging information between co-actors in joint visual search tasks.
dc.description.sponsorshipH-FETPROACT [641321]; ERC-AdG [269716]; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)German Research Foundation (DFG); Open Access Publishing Fund of Osnabruck University; Osnabruck Open Access Prize; We acknowledge the support by H2020-H2020-FETPROACT-2014 641321-socSMCs (for BW), ERC-2010-AdG #269716-MULTISENSE (for PK), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Open Access Publishing Fund of Osnabruck University, and the Osnabruck Open Access Prize (for BW). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.relation.ispartofPLOS ONE
dc.subjectCOGNITION
dc.subjectCOORDINATION
dc.subjectDECISION-MAKING
dc.subjectINDIVIDUALS
dc.subjectMINDS
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subjectSHARED GAZE
dc.subjectTASK
dc.subjectTO-NUMBERS PROBLEMS
dc.titlePerformance similarities predict collective benefits in dyadic and triadic joint visual search
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0191179
dc.identifier.isiISI:000419954100043
dc.description.volume13
dc.description.issue1
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-3654-5267
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-0318-7160
dc.contributor.researcheridABB-2380-2020
dc.contributor.researcheridAAI-1334-2020
dc.contributor.researcheridAAV-5770-2021
dc.publisher.place1160 BATTERY STREET, STE 100, SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94111 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationPLoS One
dcterms.oaStatusGreen Submitted, Green Published, gold
crisitem.author.deptInstitut für Kognitionswissenschaft-
crisitem.author.deptInstitut für Kognitionswissenschaft-
crisitem.author.deptInstitut für Kognitionswissenschaft-
crisitem.author.deptFB 05 - Biologie/Chemie-
crisitem.author.deptidinstitute28-
crisitem.author.deptidinstitute28-
crisitem.author.deptidinstitute28-
crisitem.author.deptidfb05-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-0318-7160-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-3654-5267-
crisitem.author.parentorgFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.parentorgFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.parentorgFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.grandparentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.grandparentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.grandparentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidWaBa169-
crisitem.author.netidCzAr973-
crisitem.author.netidKoPe298-
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