Blocks in Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle of Salmonella enterica Cause Global Perturbation of Carbon Storage, Motility, and Host-Pathogen Interaction

Autor(en): Noster, Janina
Hansmeier, Nicole
Persicke, Marcus
Chao, Tzu-Chiao
Kurre, Rainer 
Popp, Jasmin
Krieger, Viktoria
Reuter, Tatjana
Hensel, Michael 
Stichwörter: chemotaxis; DEHYDROGENASE; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; FUMARATE; GENE-EXPRESSION; glycogen metabolism; INTEGRATION; INVASION; MECHANISM; METABOLISM; Microbiology; phagocytosis; PROTEIN; TCA cycle; TYPHIMURIUM
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Journal: MSPHERE
Volumen: 4
Ausgabe: 6
Zusammenfassung: 
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is a central metabolic hub in most cells. Virulence functions of bacterial pathogens such as facultative intracellular Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) are closely connected to cellular metabolism. During systematic analyses of mutant strains with defects in the TCA cycle, a strain deficient in all fumarase isoforms (Delta fumABC) elicited a unique metabolic profile. Alongside fumarate, S. Typhimurium Delta fumABC accumulates intermediates of the glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway. Analyses by metabolomics and proteomics revealed that fumarate accumulation redirects carbon fluxes toward glycogen synthesis due to high (p)ppGpp levels. In addition, we observed reduced abundance of CheY, leading to altered motility and increased phagocytosis of S. Typhimurium by macrophages. Deletion of glycogen synthase restored normal carbon fluxes and phagocytosis and partially restored levels of CheY. We propose that utilization of accumulated fumarate as carbon source induces a status similar to exponential- to stationary-growth-phase transition by switching from preferred carbon sources to fumarate, which increases (p)ppGpp levels and thereby glycogen synthesis. Thus, we observed a new form of interplay between metabolism of S. Typhimurium and cellular functions and virulence. IMPORTANCE We performed perturbation analyses of the tricarboxylic acid cycle of the gastrointestinal pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. The defect of fumarase activity led to accumulation of fumarate but also resulted in a global alteration of carbon fluxes, leading to increased storage of glycogen. Gross alterations were observed in proteome and metabolome compositions of fumarase-deficient Salmonella. In turn, these changes were linked to aberrant motility patterns of the mutant strain and resulted in highly increased phagocytic uptake by macrophages. Our findings indicate that basic cellular functions and specific virulence functions in Salmonella critically depend on the proper function of the primary metabolism.
ISSN: 23795042
DOI: 10.1128/mSphere.00796-19

Show full item record

Page view(s)

3
Last Week
0
Last month
0
checked on Apr 22, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric