Functional Separation of Endosomal Fusion Factors and the Class C Core Vacuole/Endosome Tethering (CORVET) Complex in Endosome Biogenesis

Autor(en): Cabrera, Margarita
Arlt, Henning 
Epp, Nadine
Lachmann, Jens
Griffith, Janice
Perz, Angela
Reggiori, Fulvio
Ungermann, Christian 
Stichwörter: BINDING-PROTEIN; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; DOMAIN-CONTAINING PROTEINS; NUCLEOTIDE EXCHANGE; RAB INTERACTIONS; SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; SEC1 HOMOLOG; SMALL GTPASE; SNARE COMPLEX; SYNTAXIN HOMOLOG; VACUOLE FUSION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 288
Ausgabe: 7
Startseite: 5166
Seitenende: 5175
Zusammenfassung: 
Transport along the endolysosomal system requires multiple fusion events at early and late endosomes. Deletion of several endosomal fusion factors, including the Vac1 tether and the Class C core vacuole/endosome tethering (CORVET) complex-specific subunits Vps3 and Vps8, results in a class D vps phenotype. As these mutants have an apparently similar defect in endosomal transport, we asked whether CORVET and Vac1 could still act in distinct tethering reactions. Our data reveal that CORVET mutants can be rescued by Vac1 overexpression in the endocytic pathway but not in CPY or Cps1 sorting to the vacuole. Moreover, when we compared the ultrastructure, CORVET mutants were most similar to deletions of the Rab Vps21 and its guanine nucleotide exchange factor Vps9 and different from vac1 deletion, indicating separate functions. Likewise, CORVET still localized to endosomes even in the absence of Vac1, whereas Vac1 localization became diffuse in CORVET mutants. Importantly, CORVET localization requires the Rab5 homologs Vps21 and Ypt52, whereas Vac1 localization is strictly Vps21-dependent. In this context, we also uncover that Muk1 can compensate for loss of Vps9 in CORVET localization, indicating that two Rab5 guanine nucleotide exchange factors operate in the endocytic pathway. Overall, our study reveals a unique role of CORVET in the sorting of biosynthetic cargo to the vacuole/lysosome.
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.431536

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