The Eurasian steppe belt in time and space: Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the false flax (Camelina Crantz, Camelineae, Brassicaceae)

Autor(en): Calasan, Anze Zerdoner
Seregin, Alexey P.
Hurka, Herbert
Hofford, Nathaniel P.
Neuffer, Barbara 
Stichwörter: Ancestral area reconstruction; Brassicaceae; Camelina; CHINA; CLIMATE; COMPLEX HISTORY; Dated phylogeny; DNA; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Eurasian steppe; EVOLUTION; Florogenesis; LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM; NONCODING REGIONS; PLANT; Plant Sciences; PLEISTOCENE EXTINCTIONS; RECONSTRUCT ANCESTRAL STATE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER GMBH
Enthalten in: FLORA
Band: 260
Stretching 8000 km from the Pannonian basin and the Danube delta in the West to the Manchuria region in the East and reaching up to 1000 km in width, the Eurasian steppe belt is the vastest steppe region worldwide. However, our knowledge about the temporal and spatial patterns of floral origin and evolution of the Eurasian Steppe is limited and inconclusive. Case studies on typical steppe flora may help us close such gaps. The study subject of this project was Camelina - a taxon which occupies open dry habitats in temperate zones of Eurasia. To infer the evolutionary history of this genus, maximum likelihood optimisation in RAxML and Bayesian Inference approach were carried out, based on the nuclear external transcribed spacer region. Furthermore, we performed a secondarily calibrated time estimation analysis using Bayesian optimisation in BEAST to infer potential influence of climatic shifts and paleogeographic events on the distribution patterns of Camelina and carried out an ancestral area reconstruction analysis using a Bayesian Binary Method. Our study resulted in a well-supported phylogeny that corresponds with the species morphology and uncovered several genetically distinct inter- and intraspecific lineages which appear to correlate geographically. Time divergence estimation argue for the diversification of Camelina to have taken place in the Middle East around the transition from Pliocene to Pleistocene (3-2 mya), and its historical biogeography to have been under a strong influence of several glacial periods and their palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental consequences. Its young age also explains the subtle morphological character differences among species and high interspecific hybridisation potential. We further discuss the rediscovery of wild Camelina sativa populations and propose the external transcribed spacer as a ribotype identifying region for young and rapidly evolving core eudicot lineages.
ISSN: 03672530
DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2019.151477

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