Insight impairment in body image disorders: Delusionality and overvalued ideas in anorexia nervosa versus body dysmorphic disorder

Autor(en): Hartmann, Andrea S. 
Thomas, Jennifer J.
Wilson, Anne C.
Wilhelm, Sabine
Stichwörter: Anorexia nervosa; AUGMENTATION; BELIEFS; Body dysmorphic disorder; CLINICAL-FEATURES; COMORBIDITY; Delusionality; DOUBLE-BLIND; EATING-DISORDERS; Ideas/delusions of reference; INDIVIDUALS; Insight; OLANZAPINE; Overvalued ideas; PLACEBO; Psychiatry; RELIABILITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Volumen: 210
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 1129
Seitenende: 1135
The two body image disorders anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) share many similarities. Delusionality in BDD has recently gained increased attention, as the new DSM-5 criteria for BDD include an insight specifier. However, delusionalilty in AN has rarely been examined. We evaluated the delusionality of appearance-related beliefs in AN (n=19) vs. BDD (n=22) via structured interview. Participants also completed measures of disorder-specific psychopathology and body image. Compared to those with AN, individuals with BDD exhibited significantly greater delusionality on a dimensional scale (p=0.0014, d=1.07), and were more likely to meet dichotomous criteria for delusional beliefs (p=0.021, V=0.36). In AN, delusionality was associated specifically with shape concerns and drive for thinness; in BDD, delusionality was related to the severity of BDD symptoms (all p <0.05). Delusionality of appearance beliefs is present in individuals with AN, but is less pronounced than in BDD. Nevertheless, as high delusionality might predict poor treatment outcome in AN, treatment strategies that were originally developed to address delusionality in BDD might be modified for AN. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 01651781
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.08.010

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