Socialization of past event talk: Cultural differences in maternal elaborative reminiscing

Autor(en): Tougu, Pirko
Tulviste, Tiia
Schroeder, Lisa
Keller, Heidi
De Geer, Boel
Stichwörter: AUTONOMY SUPPORT; CHILDRENS AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY; Communicative styles; CONVERSATIONS; Cultural context; Elaborative style; EMOTION; FINNISH; Mother-child reminiscing; MOTHERS; Psychology; Psychology, Developmental; Psychology, Experimental; SELF; STYLE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Volumen: 26
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 142
Seitenende: 154
This study examines mother-child reminiscing conversations with respect to variation in use and function of mothers' elaborations, the nature of children's memory elaborations, and the connections between the two, in three Western middle-class cultures where autonomy is valued over relatedness. Mothers participated with their 4-year-old children (35 dyads from Berlin, Germany, 42 dyads from Stockholm, Sweden, and 38 from Tallinn, Estonia). Mothers' open-ended questions predicted children's memory elaborations in Estonian dyads, mothers' statements and verbal confirmation did so in German dyads, and verbal confirmations did so in Swedish dyads. Number of children's elaborations was similar in all three groups, but Estonian mothers were less elaborative than Swedish and German mothers. These findings contrast with previous research in which number of child elaborations has been linked to number of mother elaborations. The results suggest that different aspects of elaborative style function differently. The differences are discussed in light of culturally rooted meanings and practices of talking. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 08852014
DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2010.12.004

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