Membrane-inlet mass spectrometry reveals a high driving force for oxygen production by photosystem II
|bioenergetics; ELECTRON-TRANSFER; EVOLUTION; EVOLVING COMPLEX; INTERMEDIATE; isotope-ratio mass spectrometry; KINETICS; Multidisciplinary Sciences; oxygen evolution; PHOTOSYNTHETIC WATER OXIDATION; RELEASE; Science & Technology - Other Topics; SPINACH; TIME; TRANSITIONS; water oxidation
|NATL ACAD SCIENCES
|PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Oxygenic photosynthesis is the basis for aerobic life on earth. The catalytic Mn4OxCaYZ center of photosystem II (PSII), after fourfold oxidation, extracts four electrons from two water molecules to yield dioxygen. This reaction cascade has appeared as a single four-electron transfer that occurs in typically 1 ms. Inevitable redox intermediates have so far escaped detection, probably because of very short lifetime. Previous attempts to stabilize intermediates by high O-2-back pressure have revealed controversial results. Here we monitored by membrane-inlet mass spectrometry (MIMS) the production of O-18(2) from O-18-labeled water against a high background of O-16(2) in a suspension of PSII-core complexes. We found neither an inhibition nor an altered pattern of O-2 production by up to 50-fold increased concentration of dissolved O-2. Lack of inhibition is in line with results from previous X-ray absorption and visible-fluorescence experiments, but contradictory to the interpretation of previous UV-absorption data. Because we used essentially identical experimental conditions in MIMS as had been used in the UV work, the contradiction was serious, and we found it was not to be resolved by assuming a significant slowdown of the O-2 release kinetics or a subsequent slow conformational relaxation. This calls for reevaluation of the less direct UV experiments. The direct detection of O-2 release by MIMS shows unequivocally that O-2 release in PSII is highly exothermic. Under the likely assumption that one H+ is released in the S-4 -> S-0 transition, the driving force at pH 6.5 and atmospheric O-2 pressure is at least 220 meV, otherwise 160 meV.
Show full item record