The single kinin receptor signals to separate and independent physiological pathways in Malpighian tubules of the yellow fever mosquito

Autor(en): Schepel, Stephen A.
Fox, Andrew J.
Miyauchi, Jeremy T.
Sou, Tiffany
Yang, Jason D.
Lau, Kenneth
Blum, Austin W.
Nicholson, Linda K.
Tiburcy, Felix 
Nachman, Ronald J.
Piermarini, Peter M.
Beyenbach, Klaus W.
Stichwörter: Aedes aegypti; AEDES-AEGYPTI DIPTERA; aedeskinin; alpha- and beta-analogs of insect kinins; BIOLOGICAL-ACTIVITY; DIRECTED TRAFFICKING; DIURETIC PEPTIDES; DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER; EFFECTOR PATHWAY; functionally elective agonists; G protein-coupled kinin receptor; GLYCOSYLATION SITES; input resistance; LEUCOKININ RECEPTOR; membrane voltage; Physiology; principal cells; PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTOR; Ramsay fluid secretion assay; TICK BOOPHILUS-MICROPLUS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2010
Volumen: 299
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: R612-R622
Schepel SA, Fox AJ, Miyauchi JT, Sou T, Yang JD, Lau K, Blum AW, Nicholson LK, Tiburcy F, Nachman RJ, Piermarini PM, Beyenbach KW. The single kinin receptor signals to separate and independent physiological pathways in Malpighian tubules of the yellow fever mosquito. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 299: R612-R622, 2010. First published June 10, 2010; doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00068.2010.-In the past, we have used the kinins of the cockroach Leucophaea (the leucokinins) to evaluate the mechanism of diuretic action of kinin peptides in Malpighian tubules of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti. Now using the kinins of Aedes (the aedeskinins), we have found that in isolated Aedes Malpighian tubules all three aedeskinins (1 mu M) significantly 1) increased the rate of fluid secretion ((V) over dot(S)), 2) hyperpolarized the basolateral membrane voltage (V-bl), and 3) decreased the input resistance (R-in) of principal cells, consistent with the known increase in the Cl- conductance of the paracellular pathway in Aedes Malpighian tubules. Aedeskinin-III, studied in further detail, significantly increased (V) over dot(S) with an EC50 of 1.5 x 10(-8) M. In parallel, the Na+ concentration in secreted fluid significantly decreased, and the K+ concentration significantly increased. The concentration of Cl- remained unchanged. While the three aedeskinins triggered effects on V-bl, R-in, and (V) over dot(S) synthetic kinin analogs, which contain modifications of the COOH-terminal amide pentapeptide core sequence critical for biological activity, displayed variable effects. For example, kinin analog 1578 significantly stimulated (V) over dot(S) but had no effect on V-bl and R-in, whereas kinin analog 1708 had no effect on (V) over dot(S) but significantly affected V-bl and R-in. These observations suggest separate signaling pathways activated by kinins. One triggers the electrophysiological response, and the other triggers fluid secretion. It remains to be determined whether the two signaling pathways emanate from a single kinin receptor via agonist-directed signaling or from a differentially glycosylated receptor. Occasionally, Malpighian tubules did not exhibit a detectable response to natural and synthetic kinins. Hypothetically, the expression of the kinin receptor may depend on developmental, nutritional, and/or reproductive signals.
ISSN: 03636119
DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00068.2010

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