Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder: A comparison of body image concerns and explicit and implicit attractiveness beliefs

Autor(en): Hartmann, A. S. 
Thomas, J. J.
Greenberg, J. L.
Elliott, C. M.
Matheny, N. L.
Wilhelm, S.
Stichwörter: Anorexia nervosa; ASSOCIATION; Attractiveness beliefs; Body dysmorphic disorder; Body image disturbance; COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY; Coping strategies; DELUSIONALITY; EATING-DISORDERS; PERFECTIONISM; Psychiatry; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; Psychology, Multidisciplinary; QUESTIONNAIRE; RELIABILITY; TRANSDIAGNOSTIC TREATMENT; TRIAL; UNIFIED PROTOCOL
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Volumen: 14
Startseite: 77
Seitenende: 84
Although body image is central to the etiological models of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder, studies comparing body image and beliefs about attractiveness between the disorders are rare. Sixty-nine individuals (anorexia nervosa: n=24, body dysmorphic disorder: n=23, healthy controls: n=22) completed self-report measures (body image and general psychopathology), diagnostic interviews, and Go/No-Go Association tasks measuring implicit associations. Compared to controls, both clinical groups exhibited greater negative body image, a more negative attitude toward their physical selves, and more dysfunctional coping strategies (ps < .001). Also, both clinical groups shared greater explicit beliefs about the importance of attractiveness (ps < .001). In addition to supporting previous research with regard to comparable body image disturbance, this study also showed that beliefs regarding the importance of appearance (e.g., ``one must be attractive to be successful'') might be a fruitful target for therapy across both disorders. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 17401445
DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.03.013

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