Polycyanurate Nanorod Arrays for Optical-Waveguide-Based Biosensing

Autor(en): Gitsas, Antonis
Yameen, Basit
Lazzara, Thomas Dominic
Steinhart, Martin 
Duran, Hatice
Knoll, Wolfgang
Stichwörter: ANODIC ALUMINA; BINDING; biosensor; Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Chemistry, Physical; COMPOSITES; DIFFRACTION; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; nanorod array; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; NANOTUBES; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; POROUS ALUMINA; REPLICATION; Science & Technology - Other Topics; SENSITIVE DETECTION; taurine; TEMPLATES; THIN-FILMS; Waveguide
Erscheinungsdatum: 2010
Herausgeber: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Journal: NANO LETTERS
Volumen: 10
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 2173
Seitenende: 2177
Zusammenfassung: 
We demonstrate high-sensitivity biosensing by optical waveguide spectroscopy (OWS) at visible wavelengths using aligned polycyanurate thermoset nanorods (PCNs) arranged in extended arrays as waveguides. The PCNs formed by thermal polymerization of a cyanate ester monomer in self-ordered nanoporous alumina templates were 60 nm in diameter and 650 nm in length. Subtle refractive index changes of the medium surrounding the nanorods could be detected by monitoring the angular shifts of waveguiding modes. The sensing figure of merit thus achieved amounted to 196 reciprocal refractive index units and is, therefore, higher than that of other sensors based on angular modulation, while the configuration used here is eligible for further surface functionalization. Kinetics of the binding of taurine to the surface cyanate groups of the PCNs was monitored by OWS. Thus, modified PCNs bearing sulfonic acid groups at their surfaces were obtained. PCN arrays may represent a versatile platform for the design of biosensors.
ISSN: 15306984
DOI: 10.1021/nl1009102

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