Phylogeny of Isatis (Brassicaceae) and allied genera based on ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA and morphological characters

Autor(en): Moazzeni, Hamid
Zarre, Shahin
Al-Shehbaz, Ihsan A.
Mummenhoff, Klaus 
Stichwörter: ARABIDOPSIS; Brassicaceae; CHLOROPLAST DNA; CRUCIFERAE; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; EVOLUTION; IRAN; Isatideae; Isatis; ITS; L. BRASSICACEAE; LIMITS; MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS; phylogeny; Plant Sciences; REGION; RESTRICTION-SITE VARIATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2010
Journal: FLORA
Volumen: 205
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 337
Seitenende: 343
Systematics of the genus Isatis (Brassicaceae) is difficult and controversial, and previous studies were based solely on morphological characters. Sequence variation of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the 5.8S gene of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) were analyzed using parsimony and Bayesian methods. Twenty-eight taxa of Isatis and related genera of the tribe Isatideae were sampled, including 20 Isatis species representing almost all major morphological lineages, all three species of Pachypterygium, two of nine species of Sameraria, and monospecific Boreava, Myagrum, and Tauscheria. Two well-supported clades were resolved in the ITS tree, and they demonstrate the artificiality of the present delimitation of the tribe. One clade includes I. emarginata, I. minima, I. trachycarpa, P. brevipes, P. multicaule, P. stocksii, and T. lasiocarpa. The second clade includes I. buschiana, the polymorphic I. cappadocica with five subspecies, I. gaubae, I. kotschyana, I. leuconeura, I. pachycarpa, I. takhtajanii, I. tinctoria, and S. armena. Pachypterygium is polyphyletic and, together with Boreava, Sameraria, and Tauscheria, all are nested within Isatis. This study is a continuation of our recent systematic survey based on seed-coat microsculpturing (Moazzeni et al., 2007. Flora 202, 447-454) and reveals that fruit characters mapped onto the molecular tree show considerable convergence. The reliance on fruit characters alone in the delimitation of genera may well lead to erroneous phylogenetic results and thus to incorrect taxonomic conclusions. (C) 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03672530
DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2009.12.028

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