Coordinative patterns underlying cross-linguistic rhythmic differences

Autor(en): Lancia, Leonardo
Krasovitsky, Georgy
Stuntebeck, Franziska
Stichwörter: Cross-linguistic comparisons; Generalized synchronization; INFANTS; Language & Linguistics; LANGUAGE DISCRIMINATION; Linguistics; Nonlinear dynamics; Recurrence analysis; RECURRENCE PLOT; SELECTION; SPEECH RHYTHM; THRESHOLD; VIBRATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal: JOURNAL OF PHONETICS
Volumen: 72
Startseite: 66
Seitenende: 80
Zusammenfassung: 
We propose a new approach to characterize cross-linguistic differences in the rhythmic structure of speech utterances by studying the degree of coordination between the production of syllables and the production of prosodic prominence at the level of the word. With this approach we compare languages traditionally considered as stress-timed (English and German) and syllable-timed (French and Italian), as well as a language that on the basis of phonological considerations does not seem to belong to either class (Polish). We analyzed recorded narrations elicited with the Pear Story technique from 26 speakers (on average 5 per language) under two elicitation conditions. The results suggest that processes underlying the production of syllables and those underlying the production of prosodic prominence are more tightly coordinated in the Germanic languages analyzed than in Romance languages. The status of Polish on the other hand is more ambiguous because while its results differ from Romance languages, the differences depend on the condition of elicitation. Overall our results suggest that the coordination between syllable production and prominence production is a pertinent dimension for the discrimination of the rhythmic characteristics of languages. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00954470
DOI: 10.1016/j.wocn.2018.08.004

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