Quantum rotational band model for the Heisenberg molecular magnet {Mo72Fe30}

Autor(en): Schnack, J 
Luban, M
Modler, R
Stichwörter: CLUSTERS; CRYSTAL; IONS; MAGNETIZATION; Physics; Physics, Multidisciplinary
Erscheinungsdatum: 2001
Herausgeber: E D P SCIENCES
Volumen: 56
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 863
Seitenende: 869
We derive the low-temperature properties of the molecular magnet {Mo72Fe30}, where 30 Fe3+ paramagnetic ions occupy the sites of an icosidodecahedron and interact via isotropic nearest-neighbour antiferromagnetic Heisenberg exchange. The key idea of our model (J.S. & M.L.) is that the low-lying excitations form a sequence of rotational bands, i.e., for each such band the excitation energies depend quadratically on the total spin quantum number. For temperatures below 50 mK we predict that the magnetisation is described by a staircase with 75 equidistant steps as the magnetic field is increased up to a critical value and saturated for higher fields. For higher temperatures thermal broadening effects wash out the staircase and yield a linear ramp below the critical field, and this has been confirmed by our measurements (R.M.). We demonstrate that the lowest two rotational bands are separated by an energy gap of 0.7 meV, and this could be tested by EPR and inelastic neutron scattering measurements. We also predict the occurrence of resonances at temperatures below 0.1 K in the proton NMR spin-lattice relaxation rate associated with level crossings. As rotational bands characterize the spectra of many magnetic molecules, our method opens a new road towards a description of their low-temperature behaviour which is not otherwise accessible.
ISSN: 02955075
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2001-00599-0

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