Preprotein translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane: Reconstituted Tom40 forms a characteristic TOM pore

Autor(en): Becker, L
Bannwarth, M
Meisinger, C
Hill, K
Model, K
Krimmer, T
Casadio, R
Truscott, KN
Schulz, GE
Pfanner, N
Wagner, R 
Stichwörter: BETA; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CIRCULAR-DICHROISM SPECTRA; COMPLEX; COMPONENT; CORE; INSERTION; mitochondria; Neurospora crassa; PROTEIN IMPORT CHANNEL; protein sorting; RECEPTORS; RECOGNITION; REGIONS; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; TOM complex
Erscheinungsdatum: 2005
Herausgeber: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Volumen: 353
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 1011
Seitenende: 1020
Zusammenfassung: 
Tom40 is the central pore-forming component of the translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM complex). Different views exist about the secondary structure and electrophysiological characteristics of Tom40 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Neurospora crassa. We have directly compared expressed and renatured Tom40 from both species and find a high content of beta-structure in circular dichroism measurements in agreement with refined secondary structure predictions. The electrophysiological characterization of renatured Torn,40 reveals the same characteristics as the purified TOM complex or mitochondrial outer membrane vesicles, with two exceptions. The total conductance of the TOM complex and outer membrane vesicles is twofold higher than the total conductance of renatured Tom40, consistent with the presence of two TOM pores. TOM complex and outer membrane vesicles possess a strongly enhanced sensitivity to a mitochondrial presequence compared to Tom40 alone, in agreement with the presence of several presequence binding sites in the TOM complex, suggesting a role of the non-channel Tom proteins in regulating channel activity. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00222836
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.09.019

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