Small-Polaron Hopping and Low-Temperature (45-225 K) Photo-Induced Transient Absorption in Magnesium-Doped Lithium Niobate

Autor(en): Messerschmidt, Simon
Krampf, Andreas
Vittadello, Laura
Imlau, Mirco 
Noerenberg, Tobias
Eng, Lukas M.
Emin, David
Stichwörter: ADIABATIC THEORY; Crystallography; DEPENDENCE; INFRARED-ABSORPTION; lithium niobate; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; small polaron hopping; transient absorption
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: MDPI
Journal: CRYSTALS
Volumen: 10
Ausgabe: 9
Zusammenfassung: 
A strongly temperature-dependent photo-induced transient absorption is measured in 6.5 mol% magnesium-doped lithium niobate at temperatures ranging from 45 K to 225 K. This phenomenon is interpreted as resulting from the generation and subsequent recombination of oppositely charged small polarons. Initial two-photon absorptions generate separated oppositely charged small polarons. The existence of these small polarons is monitored by the presence of their characteristic absorption. The strongly temperature-dependent decay of this absorption occurs as series of thermally assisted hops of small polarons that facilitate their merger and ultimate recombination. Our measurements span the high-temperature regime, where small-polaron jump rates are Arrhenius and strongly dependent on temperature, and the intermediate-temperature regime, where small-polaron jump rates are non-Arrhenius and weakly dependent on temperature. Distinctively, this model provides a good representation of our data with reasonable values of its two parameters: Arrhenius small-polaron hopping's activation energy and the material's characteristic phonon frequency.
ISSN: 20734352
DOI: 10.3390/cryst10090809

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