Complex dynamics of capillary imbibition of poly(ethylene oxide) melts in nanoporous alumina

Autor(en): Yao, Yang
Alexandris, Stelios
Henrich, Franziska
Auernhammer, Guenter
Steinhart, Martin 
Butt, Hans-Juergen
Floudas, George
Stichwörter: Chemistry; Chemistry, Physical; CRYSTALLIZATION; FLOW; LIQUIDS; Physics; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical; POLYMER MELTS; SURFACE; TRANSPARENT
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: AMER INST PHYSICS
Journal: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS
Volumen: 146
Ausgabe: 20
Zusammenfassung: 
Capillary penetration of a series of entangled poly(ethylene oxide) melts within nanopores of self-ordered alumina follows an approximate t(1/2) behavior according to the Lucas-Washburn equation; t is the time. However, the dependence on the capillary diameter deviates from the predicted proportionality to d(1/2); d is the pore diameter. We observed a reversal in the dynamics of capillary rise with polymer molecular weight. Chains with 50 entanglements (M-w <= 100 kg/mol) or less show a slower capillary rise than theoretically predicted as opposed to chains with more entanglements (M-w >= 500 kg/mol) that display a faster capillary rise. Although a faster capillary rise has been predicted by theory and observed experimentally, it is the first time to our knowledge that a slower capillary rise is observed for an entangled polymer melt under conditions of strong confinement (with 2R(g)/d = 1). These results are discussed in the light of theoretical predictions for the existence of a critical length scale that depends on the molecular weight and separates the microscopic (d < d*) from the macroscopic (d > d*) regime. Published by AIP Publishing.
ISSN: 00219606
DOI: 10.1063/1.4978298

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