Spontaneous hybridization among Allium tulipifolium and A. robustum (Allium subg. Melanocrommyum, Amaryllidaceae) under cultivation

Autor(en): Smirnov, Sergei
Skaptsov, Mikhail
Shmakov, Alexander
Fritsch, Reinhard M.
Friesen, Nikolai 
Stichwörter: AMPLIFICATION; CLASSIFICATION; DNA; EVOLUTION; GENOME SIZE; hybrid; ITS; L.; NONCODING REGIONS; PHYLOGENY; Plant Sciences; plastid DNA; SECT. ACANTHOPRASON; TAXA
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: MAGNOLIA PRESS
Journal: PHYTOTAXA
Volumen: 303
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 155
Seitenende: 164
Zusammenfassung: 
In the living Allium collection of the South Siberian Botanical Garden of the Altai State University, Barnaul (Russia), among the species Allium tulipifolium and A. robustum (A. subg. Melanocrommyum sect. Decipientia), several morphologically intermediate plants grown from seeds were found. We assumed they could result from spontaneous hybridization. To confirm our assumption we studied the hybrids and their alleged parents cytologically (chromosome and genome size) and compared the sequences of the nuclear DNA (ITS) and three plastid DNA fragments (trnL-trnF and rpl32-trnL spacers and rps16 intron). Our data confirmed the hybrid nature of these plants and also showed that the hybridization between the two species (A. tulipifolium and A. robustum) is possible in both directions. This opens up opportunities for targeted hybridization and breeding of new ornamental varieties.
ISSN: 11793155
DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.303.2.5

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