Appraisal of Brain Connectivity in Radiologically Isolated Syndrome by Modeling Imaging Measures

Autor(en): Giorgio, Antonio
Stromillo, Maria Laura
De Leucio, Alessandro
Rossi, Francesca
Brandes, Imke
Hakiki, Bahia
Portaccio, Emilio
Amato, Maria Pia
De Stefano, Nicola
Stichwörter: COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT; connectivity; INDEPENDENT COMPONENT ANALYSIS; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE; MRI; MS PATIENTS; multiple sclerosis; NETWORK DYSFUNCTION; neuroplasticity; Neurosciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; PREFRONTAL CORTEX; radiologically isolated syndrome; REGISTRATION; REMITTING MULTIPLE-SCLEROSIS; resting state networks; STATE FUNCTIONAL CONNECTIVITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Volumen: 35
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 550
Seitenende: 558
Wehypothesized that appraisal of brain connectivity may shed light on the substrate of the radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS), a term applied to asymptomatic subjects with brain MRI abnormalities highly suggestive of multiple sclerosis. We thus used a multimodal MRI approach on the human brain by modeling measures of microstructural integrity of white matter (WM) tracts with those of functional connectivity (FC) at the level of resting state networks in RIS subjects, demographically matched normal controls (NC), and relapsing-remitting (RR) MS patients, also matched with RIS for brain macrostructural damage (i.e., lesions and atrophy). Compared with NC, in both RIS subjects and MS patients altered integrity of WM tracts was present. However, RIS subjects showed, at a less conservative threshold, lower diffusivities than RRMS patients in distinct cerebral associative, commissural, projection, and cerebellar WM tracts, suggesting a relatively better anatomical connectivity. FC was similar in NC and RIS subjects, even in the presence of important risk factors for MS(spinal cord lesions, oligoclonal bands, and dissemination in time on MRI) and increased in RRMS patients in two clinically relevant networks subserving ``processing'' (sensorimotor) and ``control'' (working memory) functions. In RIS, the lack of functional reorganization in key brain networks may represent a model of ``functional reserve,''which may become upregulated, with an adaptive or maladaptive role, only at a later stage in case of occurrence of clinical deficit.
ISSN: 02706474
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2557-14.2015

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