Post-stroke depression and functional impairments - A 3-year prospective study

Autor(en): Schoettke, Henning
Gerke, Leonie
Duesing, Rainer
Moellmann, Anne
Stichwörter: DISABILITY; Functional impairments; HISTORY; IMPACT; METAANALYSIS; MISSING DATA; Post-stroke depression; PREDICTORS; Prospective design; Psychiatry; SCIENTIFIC STATEMENT; SOCIAL SUPPORT; STROKE; SYMPTOMS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Volumen: 99
Background: Post-Stroke Depression (PSD) is a severe condition, affecting about 30% of stroke survivors within a live-year period after stroke. Post-stroke functional impairments (Fl) and social support are associated with PSD. It is inconclusive, whether one of the factors, post-stroke Fl and PSD, shows a stronger predictive value on the respective other over time. The aims of the present study were to 1) investigate the relationship between PSD, FL and social support of stroke patients in a 3-year prospective design, and 2) address methodological shortcomings of previous studies. Methods: We investigated 174 stroke survivors and assessed PSD with a structured clinical interview and a dimensional symptom rating scale. We conducted regression analyses and applied the approach of multiple imputations (MI) for missing data due to dropout during follow-up. Results: PSD prevalence was 32.2% in the acute phase after stroke. Individuals with a PSD in this phase revealed a fivefold higher risk for PSD 3 years later. Fl in the acute phase did not additionally contribute to the prediction of PSD at follow-up. Compared to individuals without PSD in the acute phase, individuals with PSD had an increased risk for Fl at follow-up. Limitations regarding sample characteristics, design, and dropout are discussed. Conclusions: Results indicate that PSD rather than Fl represents a crucial risk factor for negative long-term consequences regarding physical and psychological health after stroke. Post-stroke treatment might be optimized by a routine assessment of PSD and Fl after stroke and considering the results for personalized treatment options. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 0010440X
DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2020.152171

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