Infant cognition includes the potentially human-unique ability to encode embedding

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWinkler, M.
dc.contributor.authorMueller, J. L.
dc.contributor.authorFriederici, A. D.
dc.contributor.authorMaennel, C.
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:16:24Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:16:24Z-
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn23752548
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/11856-
dc.description.abstractHuman cognition relies on the ability to encode complex regularities in the input. Regularities above a certain complexity level can involve the feature of embedding, defined by nested relations between sequential elements. While comparative studies suggest the cognitive processing of embedding to be human specific, evidence of its ontogenesis is lacking. To assess infants' ability to process embedding, we implemented nested relations in tone sequences, minimizing perceptual and memory requirements. We measured 5-month-olds' brain responses in two auditory oddball paradigms, presenting standard sequences with one or two levels of embedding, interspersed with infrequent deviant sequences violating the established embedding rules. Brain potentials indicate that infants detect embedding violations and thus appear to track nested relations. This shows that the ability to encode embedding may be part of the basic human cognitive makeup, which might serve as scaffolding for the acquisition of complex regularities in language or music.
dc.description.sponsorshipMax Planck SocietyMax Planck Society; German Research FoundationGerman Research Foundation (DFG) [MA 6897/2-1]; The study was funded by the Max Planck Society and the German Research Foundation (project MA 6897/2-1 awarded to C.M.).
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
dc.relation.ispartofSCIENCE ADVANCES
dc.subjectBRAIN
dc.subjectCLAUSES
dc.subjectCONSTRAINTS
dc.subjectDISCRIMINATION
dc.subjectEVOLUTION
dc.subjectFORMAL LANGUAGE THEORY
dc.subjectLEARNABILITY
dc.subjectMISMATCH-NEGATIVITY MMN
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subjectSYNTACTIC STRUCTURE
dc.subjectWORD SEGMENTATION
dc.titleInfant cognition includes the potentially human-unique ability to encode embedding
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/sciadv.aar8334
dc.identifier.isiISI:000452212000005
dc.description.volume4
dc.description.issue11
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-5463-9585
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-9341-5501
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-0678-4697
dc.contributor.researcheridABC-1954-2020
dc.publisher.place1200 NEW YORK AVE, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20005 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationSci. Adv.
dcterms.oaStatusgold, Green Published
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