The heliospheric modulation of 3-10 MeV electrons: Modeling of changes in the solar wind speed in relation to perpendicular polar diffusion

Autor(en): Moeketsi, DM
Potgieter, MS
Ferreira, SES
Heber, B
Fichtner, H
Henize, VK
Herausgeber: Potgieter, MS
Stichwörter: Astronomy & Astrophysics; cosmic rays; COSMIC-RAYS; ENERGETIC IONS; Engineering; Engineering, Aerospace; GALACTIC ELECTRONS; Geology; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary; heliospheric modulation; INCREASES; interplanetary physics; JOVIAN ELECTRONS; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; MINIMUM; PARALLEL; solar activity; solar wind speed; TRANSPORT; transport processes
Erscheinungsdatum: 2005
Volumen: 35
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 597
Seitenende: 604
The discrepancy between cosmic ray model predictions representing solar minimum conditions in the heliosphere and the 3-10 MeV post-1998 electrons observations by the Kiel Electron Telescope (KET) onboard Ulysses suggests the need for consistent changes in model parameters with increasing solar activity. In order to reduce this discrepancy, an effort is made to model the KET observations realistically during periods of increased solar activity by applying an advanced three-dimensional, steady-state electron modulation model based on Parker's transport equation including the Jovian electron source. Some elements of the diffusion tensor which were not previously emphasized are revisited. A new relation is also established between the latitudinal dependence of the solar wind speed and the perpendicular polar diffusion. Based on this relation, a transition of an average solar wind speed from solar minimum to solar maximum conditions, as observed on board the Ulysses spacecraft, is modeled on the concept of the time-evolution of large polar coronal holes. These changes are correlated to different scenarios of the enhancement of perpendicular polar diffusion. Effects of these scenarios are illustrated, as a series of steady-state solutions, on the computed 7 MeV Jovian and galactic electrons in comparison with 3-10 MeV electrons observed from the period 1998 to the end of 2003. It is shown that this approach improves compatibility with the KET observations but it also points to the need for a time-dependent electron modulation model to fully describe modulation during moderate to extreme solar maximum conditions. (c) 2005 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Paris, FRANCE, JUL 18-25, 2004
ISSN: 02731177
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2005.03.123

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