A comparative electron paramagnetic resonance study of the nucleotide-binding domains' catalytic cycle in the assembled maltose ATP-binding cassette importer

Autor(en): Grote, Mathias
Bordignon, Enrica
Polyhach, Yevhen
Jeschke, Gunnar
Steinhoff, Heinz-Juergen 
Schneider, Erwin 
Stichwörter: Biophysics; CONFORMATIONAL-CHANGES; CROSS-LINKING; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; HIGH-FIELD EPR; HUMAN P-GLYCOPROTEIN; MULTIDRUG ABC TRANSPORTER; PERIPLASMIC LOOPS; PULSED ELECTRON; SPIN-LABELED BACTERIORHODOPSIN; SUBUNIT INTERACTIONS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: CELL PRESS
Journal: BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volumen: 95
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 2924
Seitenende: 2938
Zusammenfassung: 
We present a quantitative analysis of conformational changes of the nucleotide-binding subunits, MalK(2), of the maltose ATP-binding cassette importer MalFGK(2) during the transport cycle. Distance changes occurring between selected residues were monitored in the full transporter by site-directed spin-labeling electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and site-directed chemical cross-linking. We considered S83C and A85C from the conserved Q-loop and V117C located on the outer surface of MalK. Additionally, two native cysteines (C350, C360) were included in the study. OnATPbinding, small rearrangements between the native sites, and no distance changes between positions 117 were detected. In contrast, positions 85 come closer together in the ATP-bound state and in the vanadate-trapped intermediate and move back toward the apo-state after ATP hydrolysis. The distance between positions 83 is shown to slightly decrease on ATP binding, and to further decrease after ATP hydrolysis. Results from cross-linking experiments are in agreement with these findings. The data are compared with in silico spin-labeled x-ray structures from both isolated MalK(2) and the MalFGK(2)-E complex. Our results are consistent with a slightly modified ``tweezers-like'' model of closure and reopening of MalK(2) during the catalytic cycle, and show an unforeseen potential interaction between MalK and the transmembrane subunit MalG.
ISSN: 00063495
DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.108.132456

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