Automatic and Controlled Processing: Implications for Eating Behavior

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFuertjes, Sophia
dc.contributor.authorKing, Joseph A.
dc.contributor.authorGoeke, Caspar
dc.contributor.authorSeidel, Maria
dc.contributor.authorGoschke, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorHorstmann, Annette
dc.contributor.authorEhrlich, Stefan
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:19:11Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:19:11Z-
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/13023-
dc.description.abstractIt is a widely held view that humans have control over their food choices and consumption. However, research also suggests that eating behavior is often triggered by contextual cues and guided by automaticities and habits. Interestingly, the dichotomy between automatic and controlled processing has recently been challenged, suggesting that they may be intertwined. In a large female sample (n = 567), we investigated the hypothesis that task-based and self-reported measures of automatic and controlled processing would interact and impact self-reported eating behavior. Results analyzed via structural equation modeling suggest that automatic, but not controlled processing, during a modified flanker task, including a context-specific proportion congruent (CSPC) manipulation, was inversely associated with self-reported self-control. The influence of self-control on unhealthy eating behavior (i.e., uncontrolled and emotional eating, heightened consumption of fat and sugar) was only indirect via habitual behavior, which itself had a strong direct impact. Unhealthy eating was further associated with real-life outcomes (e.g., body mass index (BMI)). Our findings suggest that eating behavior may indeed be guided primarily by automaticities and habits, whereas self-control might facilitate this association. Having self-control over eating might therefore be most effective by avoiding contextual cues eliciting undesired automatic behavior and establishing habits that serve long-term goals.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.ispartofNUTRIENTS
dc.subjectautomaticity
dc.subjectCOGNITIVE CONTROL
dc.subjectcontext-specific proportion congruent
dc.subjectCONTROL YOURSELF
dc.subjecteating behavior
dc.subjecthabit
dc.subjectHABITS
dc.subjectINDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
dc.subjectNutrition & Dietetics
dc.subjectPLANNED BEHAVIOR
dc.subjectQUESTIONNAIRE
dc.subjectRESPONSE-INHIBITION
dc.subjectSATURATED FAT
dc.subjectself-control
dc.subjectTOP-DOWN
dc.subjectTRAIT SELF-CONTROL
dc.titleAutomatic and Controlled Processing: Implications for Eating Behavior
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/nu12041097
dc.identifier.isiISI:000531831300217
dc.description.volume12
dc.description.issue4
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-2132-4445
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-6184-8484
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-2864-5578
dc.contributor.researcheridABB-4650-2020
dc.contributor.researcheridC-9083-2011
dc.identifier.eissn20726643
dc.publisher.placeST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationNutrients
dcterms.oaStatusGreen Published, gold
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