Oral Salmonella msbB Mutant as a Carrier for a Salmonella-Based Vaccine for Prevention and Reversal of Type 1 Diabetes

Autor(en): Cobb, Jacob
Rawson, Jeffrey
Gonzalez, Nelson
Hensel, Michael 
Kandeel, Fouad
Husseiny, Mohamed I.
Stichwörter: ANTIGEN DELIVERY; autoantigens; BACTERIAL; CONSTRUCTION; diabetes reversal and prevention; ENTERICA; GENERATION; GENES; Immunology; immunomodulator; immunotherapy; INDUCTION; oral vaccination; RESPONSES; Salmonella msbB mutant; type 1 diabetes; TYPHIMURIUM; VIRULENCE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
Herausgeber: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Enthalten in: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY
Band: 12
Zusammenfassung: 
A therapy that includes an oral vaccine for type 1 diabetes (T1D) using live attenuated Salmonella MvP728 (Delta htrA/Delta purD), cytokines (IL10 and TGF beta) and preproinsulin (PPI) antigen in combination with a sub-therapeutic dose of anti-CD3 mAb was developed by our team. The vaccine combination therapy reduced insulitis and prevented and reversed diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Here, we show the effectiveness of an alternative Salmonella mutant (Delta msbB) as a carrier strain, which is anticipated to have lower risks of an inflammatory response and septicemia as a result of modification in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via detoxification of lipid A. This mutant strain proved to have highly reduced pathogenic side effects. Salmonella strain Delta msbB expressed autoantigens and in combination with cytokines and anti-CD3 mAb, successfully prevented and reversed T1D to levels comparable to the previously used carrier strain Delta htrA/Delta purD. Additionally, the Salmonella msbB mutant resulted in higher rates of host cell infection. These results further demonstrate the potential of an oral Salmonella-based combined therapy in the treatment of early T1D.
ISSN: 16643224
DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.667897

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