Spectral fingerprints of large-scale cortical dynamics during ambiguous motion perception

Autor(en): Helfrich, Randolph F. 
Knepper, Hannah 
Nolte, Guido 
Sengelmann, Malte 
Koenig, Peter 
Schneider, Till R. 
Engel, Andreas K. 
Stichwörter: ALPHA; ambiguous perception; amplitude envelope correlations; bistable perception; BRAIN; COMMUNICATION; CORTEX; EEG source analysis; EEG-DATA; FREQUENCY; gamma oscillations; INTRINSIC COUPLING MODES; large-scale neuronal networks; motion quartett; Neuroimaging; Neurosciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; OSCILLATIONS; phase synchronization; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging; RESPONSES; stroboscopic alternative motion; SYNCHRONIZATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Herausgeber: WILEY
Volumen: 37
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 4099
Seitenende: 4111
Ambiguous stimuli have been widely used to study the neuronal correlates of consciousness. Recently, it has been suggested that conscious perception might arise from the dynamic interplay of functionally specialized but widely distributed cortical areas. While previous research mainly focused on phase coupling as a correlate of cortical communication, more recent findings indicated that additional coupling modes might coexist and possibly subserve distinct cortical functions. Here, we studied two coupling modes, namely phase and envelope coupling, which might differ in their origins, putative functions and dynamics. Therefore, we recorded 128-channel EEG while participants performed a bistable motion task and utilized state-of-the-art source-space connectivity analysis techniques to study the functional relevance of different coupling modes for cortical communication. Our results indicate that gamma-band phase coupling in extrastriate visual cortex might mediate the integration of visual tokens into a moving stimulus during ambiguous visual stimulation. Furthermore, our results suggest that long-range fronto-occipital gamma-band envelope coupling sustains the horizontal percept during ambiguous motion perception. Additionally, our results support the idea that local parieto-occipital alpha-band phase coupling controls the inter-hemispheric information transfer. These findings provide correlative evidence for the notion that synchronized oscillatory brain activity reflects the processing of sensory input as well as the information integration across several spatiotemporal scales. The results indicate that distinct coupling modes are involved in different cortical computations and that the rich spatiotemporal correlation structure of the brain might constitute the functional architecture for cortical processing and specific multi-site communication. Hum Brain Mapp 37:4099-4111, 2016. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN: 10659471
DOI: 10.1002/hbm.23298

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