Approach and avoidance bias for thin-ideal and normal-weight body shapes in anorexia nervosa

Autor(en): Brockmeyer, Timo
Burdenski, Kathrin
Anderle, Alisa
Voges, Mona M.
Vocks, Silja 
Schmidt, Hagen
Wuensch-Leiteritz, Wally
Leiteritz, Andreas
Friederich, Hans-Christoph
Stichwörter: ACTION-TENDENCIES; approach bias; ATTRACTIVENESS; body image; cognitive bias; DISORDER EXAMINATION-QUESTIONNAIRE; DISSATISFACTION; eating disorders; EATING-DISORDERS; FEAR; IMAGE DISTURBANCE; IMPLICIT; INTERPERSONAL PROBLEMS; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; WOMEN
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: EUROPEAN EATING DISORDERS REVIEW
Volumen: 28
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 536
Seitenende: 550
Zusammenfassung: 
Objective The two studies aimed to examine implicit affective evaluations of thin-ideal and normal-weight body shapes in women with anorexia nervosa (AN), taking identification with body shapes into account. Method In study 1, approach-avoidance bias for thin-ideal and normal-weight bodies was assessed in 40 women with AN and 40 healthy women by using an Approach-Avoidance Task and female avatar bodies with a standard face as stimuli. In study 2, 39 women with AN and 38 healthy women underwent a similar task but identification with bodies was manipulated by presenting bodies once with the participant's own face and once with another woman's face. Results In study 1, patients with AN did not differ from healthy participants in their automatic approach-avoidance tendencies towards thin-ideal and normal-weight bodies. In study 2, no definite approach bias for a thin self and no avoidance bias for thin other women or for a normal-weight self were found. However, as compared to healthy women, those with AN showed a less positive implicit evaluation of thin other women, and an implicit preference for thin bodies depicted as themselves over thin bodies depicted as another woman. Conclusions The findings suggest that intra-sexual competition for being slim is increased in AN. Highlights Patients with AN did not generally differ from healthy participants in their automatic approach-avoidance tendencies towards thin-ideal and normal-weight bodies Women with AN showed a less positive implicit evaluation of thin other women Women with AN showed an implicit preference for thin bodies depicted as themselves over thin bodies depicted as another woman
ISSN: 10724133
DOI: 10.1002/erv.2744

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