The necessity of tailored control of irrupting pest populations driven by pulsed resources

Autor(en): Koehnke, Merlin C.
Binny, Rachelle N.
Holland, E. Penelope
James, Alex
Stichwörter: BREEDING SUCCESS; Conservation biology; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; HOME-RANGE; Invasive species; MAST; Mast seeding; MUS-MUSCULUS; NEW-ZEALAND; NOTHOFAGUS FOREST; Pest management; Pulsed resources; PUREORA FOREST; RATS RATTUS-RATTUS; Rodents; SEED PRODUCTION; Stoat control; STOATS MUSTELA-ERMINEA
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Journal: THEORETICAL ECOLOGY
Volumen: 13
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 261
Seitenende: 275
Zusammenfassung: 
Resource pulses are widespread phenomena in diverse ecosystems. Irruptions of generalist consumers and corresponding generalist predators often follow such resource pulses. This can have severe implications on the ecosystem and also on the spread of diseases or on regional famines. Suitable management strategies are necessary to deal with these systems. In this study, we develop a general model to investigate optimal control for such a system and apply this to a case study from New Zealand. In particular, we consider the dynamics of beech masting (episodic synchronous seed production) leading to rodent outbreaks and subsequent stoat (Mustela erminea) irruptions. Here, stoat control happens via secondary poisoning. The results show that the main driver of the optimal control timing (June) is the population density of the control vector. Intermediate control levels are superior to higher levels if the generalist consumer is necessary as a control vector. Finally, we extend the model to a two-patch metapopulation model, which indicates that, as a consequence of the strong vector dependence, a strategy of alternating control patches yields better results than static control. This highlights that besides control level, also the design impacts the control success. The results presented in this study reveal important insights for proper pest management in the New Zealand case study. However, they also generally indicate the necessity of tailored control in such systems.
ISSN: 18741738
DOI: 10.1007/s12080-020-00449-8

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