PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DERMATITIS

Autor(en): Sartorelli, P.
Kezic, S.
Filon, F. Larese
John, S. M. 
Stichwörter: ALLERGY; contact dermatitis; economic competitiveness; Immunology; occupational skin diseases; Pathology; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; prevention; SKIN; workers' education
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMMUNOPATHOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Volumen: 24
Ausgabe: 1, S
Startseite: 89
Seitenende: 93
Zusammenfassung: 
Occupational dermatitis is among the most frequent occupational diseases. Dermal exposure risk affects many professional categories such as healthcare workers, hairdressers, bakers, cleaning and kitchen employees. The economical burden of occupational dermatitis (OD) is huge (> 5 billion (sic) year in Europe), comprising direct costs (treatment, compensation) as well as indirect costs due to sick leave and lack of productivity. A scientifically based preventive program consisting of skin protection during work, cleaning and skin care after work has generally been recommended to prevent occupational contact dermatitis. However the rate of reported occupational skin diseases seems unchanged in the recent years. In cases of impaired skin condition the secondary prevention (i.e. therapeutic treatment by dermatologists and health-educational intervention seminars) is fundamental. For cases of occupational dermatoses in which these outpatient prevention measures are not successful, interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation measures have been developed (tertiary individual prevention). In the past years, various pilot-concepts to improve occupational dermatitis prevention have been successfully put into practice focussing on interdisciplinary (dermatological/educational) skin protection training programmes for high-risk professions. Currently a multi-step intervention approach is implemented which is aiming at offering quick preventive help at all levels of severity of occupational contact dermatitis. Recent data reveals that there are reliable evidence-based options for multidisciplinary prevention and patient management of occupational dermatitis using a combined approach by a network of clinics, practices and statutory social insurance bodies. At this stage, it seemed reasonable to form a European joint initiative for skin prevention. Recently a European network of preventive dermatology (European Initiative for the Prevention of Occupational Skin Diseases -EPOS) has been organized based on the German experience in the specific field.
ISSN: 03946320

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