Metamagnetic phase transition of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg icosahedron
|MAGNETS; Physics; Physics, Multidisciplinary; SIMULATIONS
|AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC
|PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
The observation of hysteresis effects in single molecule magnets like Mn-12-acetate has initiated ideas of future applications in storage technology. The appearance of a hysteresis loop in such compounds is an outcome of their magnetic anisotropy. In this Letter we report that magnetic hysteresis occurs in a spin system without any anisotropy, specifically where spins mounted on the vertices of an icosahedron are coupled by antiferromagnetic isotropic nearest-neighbor Heisenberg interaction giving rise to geometric frustration. At T=0 this system undergoes a first-order metamagnetic phase transition at a critical field B-c between two distinct families of ground state configurations. The metastable phase of the system is characterized by a temperature and field dependent survival probability distribution.
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checked on Feb 21, 2024