Recycling Alone or Protesting Together? Values as a Basis for Pro-environmental Social Change Actions

Autor(en): Sloot, Daniel
Kutlaca, Maja
Medugorac, Vanja
Carman, Petra
Stichwörter: activism; BEHAVIOR; collective; COLLECTIVE ACTION; ENERGY; IDENTITY; individual values; PARTICIPATION; PREFERENCES; pro-environmental behavior; Psychology; Psychology, Multidisciplinary; social change
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Volumen: 9
Social change can be pursued by participating in a public protest, joining a community gardening initiative, or recycling at home. However, little research has investigated how individual differences in values relate to people's engagement in different types of social change actions in the context of pro-environmental behavior. We hypothesized that values would be differentially related to different types of social change actions, based on different goals that each of these actions may have (e.g., changing one's own behavior or influencing others). A survey among people engaged in pro-environmental activism during the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference supported our predictions. Specifically, we found that individual behavior and community-based actions were uniquely related to biospheric values (i.e., a key concern for nature and the environment). However, other social change actions (e.g., public protest) were uniquely related to altruistic values (i.e., a key concern for the welfare of all people), and proenvironmental lobbying was positively related to egoistic values (i.e., a key concern for power and achievement). Our findings suggest that different behaviors directed at pro-environmental social change may be based on different values. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
ISSN: 16641078
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01229

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