Nitrogen starvation-induced chlorosis in Synechococcus PCC 7942. Low-level photosynthesis as a mechanism of long-term survival

Autor(en): Sauer, J
Schreiber, U
Schmid, R
Volker, U
Forchhammer, K
Stichwörter: CLONING; DEGRADATION; ELECTROPHORESIS; GENE; GLNN; GLUTAMINE-SYNTHETASE; IDENTIFICATION; OUTER-MEMBRANE PROTEIN; PCC 7942; Plant Sciences; PRODUCT
Erscheinungsdatum: 2001
Herausgeber: AMER SOC PLANT BIOLOGISTS
Journal: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
Volumen: 126
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 233
Seitenende: 243
Zusammenfassung: 
Cells of the non-diazotrophic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 acclimate to nitrogen deprivation by differentiating into non-pigmented resting cells, which are able to survive prolonged periods of starvation. In this study, the physiological properties of the long-term nitrogen-starved cells are investigated in an attempt to elucidate the mechanisms of maintenance of viability. Preservation of energetic homeostasis is based on a low level of residual photosynthesis; activities of photosystem II and photosystem I were approximately 0.1% of activities of vegetatively growing cells. The low levels of photosystem I activity were measured by a novel colorimetric assay developed from the activity staining of ferredoxin:NADP(+) oxidoreductase. Photosystem II reaction centers, as determined by chlorophyll fluorescence measurements, exhibited normal properties, although the efficiency of light harvesting was significantly reduced compared with that of control cells. Long-term chlorotic cells carried out protein synthesis at a very low, but detectable level, as revealed by in vivo [S-35]methionine labeling and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Ln conjunction with the very low levels of total cellular protein contents, this implies a continuous protein turnover during chlorosis. Synthesis of components of the photosynthetic apparatus could be detected, whereas factors of the translational machinery were stringently downregulated. Beyond the massive loss of protein during acclimation to nitrogen deprivation, two proteins that were identified as SomA and SomB accumulated due to an induced expression following nitrogen reduction.
ISSN: 00320889
DOI: 10.1104/pp.126.1.233

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